This is Why African Hedgehog is Perfect Little Pet
So, you have dog or a cat and maybe you want another but smaller animal in your house or you are just up to smaller animals…This is why African Hedgehog is perfect little pet for you.
African hedgehog, which leaves no one indifferent, unsolicited is a pet that day sleeps, and the evening is very active. He originally come from Africa but also live in Europe, Asia and New Zealand.
Basic characteristic of the presence of the spines which are in fact hollow hard hair made of keratin and long up to 3 cm. They are born with small and very soft spines, which after six weeks are falling to grow new and true. They use spines primarily as protection, not toxic and can be easily removed from the body. In all types of hedgehos they are intended for defense purposes.
The lower part of the body, legs and muzzle is covered with fine fur coat. They are characterized by oval body and a short tail. The weight they reach is up to 500 grams and about 17cm long, and sometimes more.
On the foreheads there are 5 fingers, while the back legs end with a 4 finger with long nails that are constantly growing. The most developed their sense of smell and have excellent hearing.
They are most common in brown color, but are also very present and albino African pygmy hedgehogs.
Am I a real animal for you?
They are easy to maintain, are not aggressive, and with a little patience they are easy to domesticate. They have no odor and does not cause allergic reactions in people hypersensitive to animal hair.
Since they mostly sleep during the day and are active at night, they are ideal for people who have a lot of obligation over the course of the day, and in the evening they want to relax with their pet.
They are not recommended as pets to small children.
For the cage it is important to be large (minimum size of the cage 60x60x35 cm), rich with a sawdust so the hedgehog can roam and bury.
There should be a hiding place inside the cage, which can be a hut, pipe, or cloth under which the animal will sleep and where to feel safe.
They should get plenty of exercise, and will be doing it during the night, so in the cage you should put wheels for running, various toys and should provide a place for climbing because hedgehogs are great climbers and very fast runners.
It is also advisable to allow free movement in rooms secured by injury or possibility of escape.
Two food containers should be placed in the cage: one for dry food, one for damp food and a water kettle.
Some hedgehogs from the beginning do not know how to drink from a trough, in that case it should put container with water below. A water bowl that cannot easily be knocked over is advised.
They best suit their room temperature between 18 and 22 ° C.
Do not expose them to low temperatures to avoid hibernation (winter sleep).
A pet that does not require a lot of care and attention, and is often described as lovely and funny.
Peaceful and very curious. With a bit of patience It can easily get tamed.
How to treat me?
You should always clean your hands before taking him to make him swiftly accustomed to the scent of the owner in order not to be scared. They also recognize the owner’s voice, so during socialization it is essential to talk gently and quietly.
Gradually, the hedgehog will allow and touching the parts of the body without spikes – snout, face, legs and stomach. When they get acquainted with the owners, they become very cuddly.
The lifespan of these hedgehogs is average about 8 -9 years.
In the wild they feed the worms, grasshoppers, crickets, spiders and earthworms.
As the best alternative for the home environment we recommend cat food dehydrated or wet.
In addition, this pet will love eating fruits and vegetables (tomatoes, carrots, endearas, then apple, banana, orange, melon, blueberries).
If you notice an external or internal parasite occurring, it is best to seek veterinary assistance.
List the things you need to do to make them a comfortable stay :
- minimum size of the cage 60x60x35 cm
- sleeping house / hut
- turning wheels
- food pans
- water bowl
- disinfectant for cleaning the cage
- covered garden fence for outdoor living
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